Endings 어미

-으ㄹ래요.

It indicates the speaker's intention or will, and also used to ask the listener's intention or will in colloquial(semi-casual) communications.
-으ㄹ래요 can only be added to a verb. It is only used for the first person, and the second person subjects. It cannot be used for the third person subject.

Note

-을래요. is added to the stem that ends in a consonant
e.g. 웃다."to laugh" / 웃+을래요→ 웃을래요.(would like to laugh)

-ㄹ래요. is added to the stem that ends in a vowel
e.g. 가다."to go" / 가+ㄹ래요→ 갈래요.(would like to go)

-래요 is added to the ㄹ irregular verb
e.g. 대들다."to fly at" / 대들+래요→ 대들래요.(would like to fly at)

Examples

저와 같이 음악 들을래요? Will you listen to the music with me?

듣다's stem '듣' ends in a consonant 'ㄷ', so -을래요. is added to the stem.

코믹 영화 볼래요? Will you watch a comic movie?

판타지 영화를 볼래요. (I) will watch a fantasy movie.

The stem of 보다 is 보, which ends in a vowel 'ㅗ'. Therefore -ㄹ래요. is added to the stem.

무슨 과목을 공부할래요? Which subject will you (intend to) study?

수학을 공부할래요. (I) will study math.

공부하다's stem '하' ends in a vowel 'ㅏ'. So -ㄹ래요. is added to the stem.

-으ㄹ게요.

It indicates the speaker's promise or willingness to do something to the listener's interest, or used when the speaker volunteers to do something. It is only used for the first person and with the verbs. You cannot question with the -으ㄹ게요 ending.

Examples

저녁 7시까지 갈게요.
(I) will (promise to) go (home) by 7 p.m.

방 청소 할게요.
(I) will (promise to) clean the room.

제가 박스 옮기는 거 도와드릴게요.
I'll (volunteer to/promise to) help you moving those boxes.

제가 공항까지 바래다 드릴게요.
I'll (volunteer to/promise to) take you to the airport.

-을까요?

When the subject of the sentence is the speaker, it is used to show a speaker's wondering mind. On the other hand, if a third person is the subject of the sentence, then is is used to seek the opinion of the listener. You can also question the listener alternatively with the repeated use of -(으)ㄹ까요?

-을까요 is added to the stem that ends in a consonant.
e.g.찾다(to find) / 찾+을까요? → 찾을까요?

ㄹ까요 is added to the stem that ends in a vowel.
e.g.도우다(to help) / 도우+ㄹ까요?→ 도울까요?

-까요 is added to the ㄹ irregular verb.
e.g. 놀다(to play) / 놀+까요?→ 놀까요?

Examples

어느 곳에서 만날까요? (I) wonder where (I/we) should meet.
무슨 색의 옷을 살까요? (I) wonder which color (I/we) should buy for this cloth.
어느 영화를 볼까요? (I) wonder which movie (I/we) should see.
여행은 어디로 갈까요? (I) wonder where (I/we) should travel.
촛불을 언제 불까요? (I) wonder when (I/we) blow the candles.
이 가방을 얼마에 팔까요? As for this bag, (I) wonder how much (I/we) should sell.
찰스가 제시간에 올까요? Do you think that Charles will come on time?
톰이 버스를 탈까요? Do you think that Tom will take a bus?
창문을 닫을까요? Do you think I should close the window?
곰이 산에 있을까요? Do you think a bear will be in a mountain?
이 신발은 너무 클까요? As for this shoes, do you think it will be too big?
이 옷이 줄을까요? As for this cloth, do you think it will shrink?
버스를 탈까요? 택시를 탈까요? Shall we take a bus or taxi?
걸어갈까요? 뛰어갈까요? Shall we walk or run?
제니퍼가 집을 샀을까요? Do you think that Jennifer bought the house? (past tense)
칼리가 빵을 구웠을까요? Do you think that Carly baked a bread? (past tense)

-으ㄹ 거예요.

It is used to express the probable future.

For a stem that ends in a consonant, use -을 거예요.

e.g.잡다(to catch) / 잡+을거예요→ 잡을거예요.

A stem ends in a vowel, use -ㄹ 거예요.
e.g.타다(to ride) / 타+ㄹ 거예요→ 탈 거예요.

A stem ends in ㄹ irregular, use -거예요.
e.g.밀다(to push) 밀+거예요→ 밀거예요.

Examples

듣다 to listen
음악을 들을 거예요. (I) will (probably) listen to music.

열다 to open
창문을 열을 거예요. (I) will (probably) open the window.

신다 to wear
오늘은 샌들을 신을 거예요. (I) will (probably) wear a pair of sandal today.

보다 to see; to watch
뮤지컬을 볼 거예요. (I) will (probably) watch a musical.

배우다 to learn
이탈리아어를 배울 거예요. (I) will (probably) learn Italian.

달다 to hang
내일 크리스마스 트리에 장식을 달 거예요. (I) will (probably) hang ornaments on Christmas tree tomorrow.

만들다 to make
아이스크림을 만들 거예요. (I) will (probably) make ice cream.

불다 to blow up
풍선을 불 거예요. (I) will (probably) blow up a balloon.

It also indicates the speaker's intention to do something in the future. Especially when the subject is the first person, it shows his/her very strong intention, and it is likely to be true. The verb 'will' in English shares the same meaning with –으ㄹ거예요.

Examples

매일 아침 조깅 할 거예요. (I) will jog every morning.

오늘 숙제를 끝낼 거예요. (I) will finish homework today.

장학금을 꼭 받을 거예요. (I) will win a scholarship for sure.

When the subject in the sentence is the third person, the -으ㄹ거예요 represents the speaker's conjecture.

Examples

이번 크리스마스는 화이트 크리스마스일 거예요.
(I guess) this year's Christmas is a white Christmas.

제이는 피터의 집에 있을 거예요.
(I guess) Jay is at Peter's house.

밤에 비가 올 거예요.
(I guess) it will rain in the evening.

시험이 아주 쉬울 거예요.
(I guess) the test might be very easy.

When -으ㄹ거예요 is used with -이다, the sentence indicates a probable present.

Examples

제시는 대학생이에요. Jesse is a college student.
제시는 대학생일 거예요. Jesse is probably a college student.

그 모자는 메리 것이에요. The hat is Mary's (thing).
그 모자는 메리 것일 거예요. The hat is probably Mary's (thing)

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