Personal Pronouns 인칭 대명사

1인칭 대명사 The first person pronouns

We use 나(me) or 내/나의(my) when talking with our family, friends or anyone who's younger than you or someone you don't have to be polite.

Examples

여동생, 나랑 같이 노래하자. Little sister, sing with me.
셀린, 내 장갑 봤어? Celine, did you see my gloves?

저(me) and 제(my) are the humble form of me(my). Those are used to listeners who are older than you, professors, strangers, colleagues, etc.

Examples

어머니, 저 집에 왔어요. / Mom, I’m home. (you don't have to be humble to your parents)
선생님, 제가 꽃병을 깨트렸어요. / Teacher, I broke the vase.

우리 and 저희(our) are the first person plural pronoun and the first person possessive pronoun. 우리 is the casual form, and 저희 is the humble form of 우리.

Examples

우리 팀이 이겼다! / Our team won!
저희가 가방을 찾아 드릴게요. / We will seek for your bag.
저희를 찾고 계시나요? / Are you looking for us?

2인칭 대명사 The second person pronouns

You have be careful of using the second person pronouns. 너(you), 네/너의(your) can only be to children, friends and younger siblings. 너희 is the plural form of 너.

당신, 당신의, 당신들(plural) is mostly used between spouses except 당신들. But it is also a polite way of saying 너.

The safest way is addressing people with their social positions with -님. It means like 'respected' or 'honorable' in English but not the same. For example, 사장님 (president+님) and 교수님 (professor+님). You can also say 저.., 저기 or 저기요.. (uh..), 여기요 (here) to get the attention of a waiter/waitress. 실례지만/실례합니다만 (excuse me, but), or 죄송하지만/죄송합니다만 (I’m sorry, but), to get the second person’s attention.

3인칭 대명사 The third person pronouns

  This That That (over there)
He

이(이)

- this

그(이)

- that

저(이)

- that

이 사람

- this person

그 사람

- that person

저 사람

- that person

이 분

- this esteemed person

그 분

- that esteemed person

저 분

- that esteemed person

이 남자

- this man

그 남자

- that man

저 남자

- that man

She

그(녀)

- that

이 사람

- this person

그 사람

- that person

저 사람

- that person

이 (여자)분

- this esteemed person

그 (여자)분

- that esteemed person

저 (여자)분

- that esteemed person

이 여자

- this woman

그 여자

- that woman

저 여자

- that woman

They

이 들

- these

그 들

- those

저 들

- those

이 사람들

- these people

그 사람들

- thoes people

저 사람들

- those people

이 분들

- those esteemed people

그 분들

- those esteemed people

저 분들

- those esteemed people

Also, 얘(this person) / 걔(that person) / 쟤(that person over there) are used to point out someone who's younger than the speaker. 얘(네)들 / 걔(네)들 / 쟤(네)들 are the third person plural pronoun of them. Koreans usually use titles and kinship terms instead of the third person pronoun.

Examples

형(은) 어디에 있어요? Where is my older brother?
형(은) 도서관에 있어. He’s at the library.

형(은) 언제 갔어요? When did he go?
형(은) 아까 갔어. He went a while ago.

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